Windows Download | Windows version history

Microsoft Windows "Windows" redirects here. For part of a building, see window. For other uses, see Windows (Disambiguation). In response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs), Microsoft launched an operating environment called MS-DOS as a graphical operating system shell on November 20, 1985. Microsoft Windows dominated the world's personal computer (PC) market with over 90% market share, surpassing Mac OS,




which was launched in 1984. , All of which are developed and marketed by Microsoft Each family meets a specific sector of the computing industry. Active Microsoft Windows families include Windows NT and Windows IoT; These may include subfamilies (such as Windows Server or Windows Embedded Compact) (Windows CE). Extinct Microsoft Windows families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile, and Windows Phone.




Apple saw Windows as an unfair possession of their innovation in developing GUIs applied to products such as the Lisa and Macintosh (which was eventually sued by Microsoft in 1993). On PC, Windows is still the most popular operating system in all countries. However, in 2014, Microsoft admitted to losing the lion's share of the overall operating system market to Android, due to the massive increase in sales of Android smartphones. In 2014, the number



of Windows devices sold was 25% lower than the number of Android devices sold. This comparison, however, may not be entirely relevant, since the two operating systems traditionally target different platforms. However, the number of Windows server usage (which is comparable to competitors) shows a third of the market share, which is the same for end-user usage.



The most recent version of the server computer is Windows Server 2022, version 21H2. A special version of Windows also runs on Xbox One and Xbox Series X / S video game consoles. Genealogy By marketing role Microsoft, the developer of Windows, has registered a number of trademarks, each of which refers to a family of Windows operating systems targeting a specific sector of the computing industry. Since 2014, the following Windows families have been actively developing:




It now consists of three operating system subfamilies that are released at about the same time and share the same kernel: Windows: Operating systems for mainstream personal computers and tablets. The latest version is Windows 11. The main competitors in this family are Apple's MacOS for personal computers and Android for iPad and tablets (market share by share of the CF operating system used in that category). Windows Server: The operating system for




the server computer. The latest version is Windows Server 2022 Unlike its client siblings, it has adopted a strong naming scheme The main competitor in this family is Linux. (c.f. operating system usage shares market share by category) Windows PE: A lightweight version of Windows Vibe, meaning to operate as a live operating system, used to restore or



troubleshoot Windows on bare-metal computers (especially multiple computers at once). Windows IoT (formerly Windows Embedded): Initially, Microsoft developed Windows CE as a general-purpose operating system for




each device that could not be called a full-fledged computer. Eventually, however, Windows CE was renamed to Windows Embedded Compact and was folded under the Windows Compact trademark, which includes Windows Embedded Professional, Windows Embedded Standard, Windows Embedded. Windows 9x: An operating system that targets the consumer



market. Closed due to suboptimal performance. (PC World calls its latest version, Windows Me, one of the worst products of all time.) Microsoft now meets the consumer market demand through Windows NT.




Windows Mobile: The predecessor of Windows Phone, it was a mobile phone operating system. The first version was called Pocket PC 2000; The third version, Windows Mobile 2003, is the first version to receive the Windows Mobile trademark. The latest version is Windows Mobile 6.5. Windows Phone: An operating system sold only to smartphone makers. The first version was Windows Phone 7, then Windows Phone 8 and Windows


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